Tasks of the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection in the Field of Legislation and in the Field of Judicial Administration
Above all, the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection has overall responsibility within the Federal Government for the "classical" areas of law.
● civil law (law of obligations, property law, family law, law of succession),
● commercial and company law, the law on protection of industrial property and copyright law,
● criminal law,
● courts constitution law and procedural law for the individual jurisdictions (except labour and social jurisdiction, for which the Ministry adopts a merely advisory role),
●service or professional law for judges, public prosecutors, lawyers, notaries, patent lawyers and Rechtspfleger (senior judicial officers).
Furthermore, in its capacity as one of the Ministries with responsibility for constitutional matters, the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (along with the Federal Ministry of the Interior) must always be consulted on issues of constitutional law and in proceedings before the Federal Constitutional Court. In this context, the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection also has the task of performing the scrutiny of legislation (and international agreements) drafted by all other Federal Ministries in terms of compatibility with constitutional law, international law, European Union law and existing Federal law, before such draft legislation is adopted by the Federal Government. The scrutiny of draft legislation extends to an examination of the drafting methodology and to ensuring that a uniform style and unambiguous legal language have been adopted. In addition, the Ministry's Divisions are involved in preparing EU legislation within their respective legal fields.
Tasks of the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection in the Field of Judicial Administration
The administrative tasks of the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection include:
● establishing the infrastructural, organisational, budgetary, and staffing conditions for the work of the Ministry as well as the Federal courts and authorities within its remit, and
● performing the administrative supervision of the Federal courts, as well as the administrative and substantive supervision of the authorities within its remit (see 1.3.); pursua nt to the Federal Central Criminal Register Act, the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection is also the "appellate instance" for complaints against official notices issued by the Federal Office of Justice. Apart from this, the Ministry publishes the Federation's official organs of publication (the Federal Law Gazette and the Federal Gazette).