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Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

The Ministry's remit

The Ministry's remit includes three of the total of five supreme Federal courts.

Index cards with the letters A and Z. The Ministry is involved at the preparatory stage in the selection of judges for the Federal Constitutional Court. Source: shutterstock

These are:
● the Federal Court of Justice based in Karlsruhe (with a panel in Leipzig),
● the Federal Administrative Court based in Leipzig, and
● the Federal Finance Court based in Munich.


In addition, the following are also part of the Ministry's remit:
● the Federal Prosecutor General of the Federal Court of Justice, based in Karlsruhe, with a sub - office in Leipzig,
● the Federal Patent Court in Munich, which is competent for decisions at first instance in patent and trade mark matters,
● the German Patent and Trade Mark Office in Munich with its office in Jena and the Technical Information Centre in Berlin, and
● the Federal Office of Justice in Bonn.


The Ministry is involved at the preparatory stage in the selection of judges for the Federal Constitutional Court. Half of the judges of the Federal Constitutional Court are elected by the Bundestag and half by the Bundesrat (Article 94 para. 1 of the Basic Law). The Ministry also prepares the selection of judges for the three supreme Federal courts within its remit – the Federal Court of Justice, the Federal Administrative Court, and the Federal Finance Court. Federal judges are chosen by the Minister in conjunction with a judge selection committee that consists of the competent ministers from the sixteen Federal Länder and an equal number of members elected by the Bundestag (Article 95 para. 2 of the Basic Law).